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Glossary

Deforestation

The practices or processes of clearing forests and the end result of such clearing. Deforestation contributes to increased carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations in two ways: 1) the release of carbon dioxide from the burning or decomposition of wood and 2) the absence of carbon dioxide removal, which occurs through photosynthesis, by the trees that are no longer present.

Desertification

Land degradation in arid, semiarid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities.

Dryland Farming

A technique that uses soil moisture conservation and seed selection to optimize production under dry conditions.